Paradigm Clash on Ownership Between CBD and TRIPS
ARTICLE LANGUAGE AND TRANSLATIONS :
Language of this article: English
: Exposé, conférence sur la propriété intellectuelle, décembre 2006.
Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD): “Ownership” of Biodiversity.
Shift from “Common Heritage” over biological and genetic resources to the NATIONAL SOVEREIGNTY/PATRIMONY principle
Biodiversity found in one country is part of its national patrimony
State acts as the “custodian” of the national patrimony
Does not cover pre-CBD collections already in the hands of national and multilateral institutions and private companies/individuals prior to 1993
Including those obtained without the consent of the country/community of origin